SOI message 8th December 1999
The average SOI over the last 30 days was +10.8 . Based on the SOI, the probabilities of exceeding median rainfall during the total period from December to February range predominantly between 50% and 70% in most of the eastern States, rising to 80% in eastern Queensland and NSW.
Review of Climatic Forecasts and Information
Based on the latest values and trends of the SOI, the probabilities of exceeding median rainfall during the total December-February period are 50% or greater over most of the eastern States of Australia. However, along the Queensland coast (up to 400 kms inland), coastal NSW, and much of inland NSW they are mainly 60-80%. Overall this represents a reasonable outlook for summer rainfall.
Sea-surface temperatures in the Pacific Ocean indicate a weak La Nina pattern. Temperatures in waters off the Australian coastline are now mostly above average, except in Queensland and NSW where they are mainly normal. Most experimental models are suggesting that neutral conditions will predominate by about April.
The most recent forecast from the Bureau of Meteorology, released on 11November, indicates that for much of New South Wales, south-east Queensland and Western Australia, there is a 60% to 75% chance that rainfall will exceed the median during the total December-February period. This outlook is based on sea-surface temperature patterns; currently probabilities are boosted by temperatures in the Indian Ocean off Western Australia being warmer than normal.
Combining the rainfall outlook with current soil water and pasture condition, the probabilities of above-median pasture growth during the total December-February period are 70-100% over Queensland except for the far central west.
The next passage of the 30- to 50-Day Oscillation is expected in the last week of December.
It is important to obtain more detailed information for your location. This can be obtained from the Australian Rainman software package. Also a lot of additional information is available on our FarmFax system, our Internet World Wide Web service called 'The Long Paddock', and on BoM's Fax and internet information services.