Seasonal Climate Outlook Message for January to April 2014

Commentary on rainfall probabilities based on 'phases' of the SOI

The monthly value of the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) was +10.1 for November and -0.7 for December. According to the SOI Phase system, this places the SOI in a ‘Rapidly Falling’ phase.

Based on previous years when the SOI has been in a ‘Rapidly Falling’ phase at the end of December, the probability of above-median rainfall for the next three-month period (January to March) is 50 to 70 per cent for much of Queensland, with lower probabilities for parts of South East Queensland.

Previous years with a ‘Rapidly Falling’ SOI phase at the end of December include 1908, 1912, 1918, 1934, 1935, 1940, 1943, 1948, 1952, 1972, 1976, 1995, 2001, 2002 and 2012. The rainfall probabilities stated above are based on the 1900 to 1998 period and do not include 2001, 2002 and 2012.

When using a climate outlook it should be remembered that the probability, or per cent chance, of something occurring is just that – a probability. For example, if there is a 70 per cent probability of above-median rainfall, then there is also a 30 per cent chance of below-median rainfall. It does not mean that rainfall will be 70 per cent more than the median.

While climate outlook schemes cannot provide outlooks with absolute certainty, users who follow a skilful scheme should benefit from doing so in the long-term. Thus, users should consider the historical track record of any scheme, and such information is becoming increasingly available.

Further seasonal climate outlook information for Queensland is available in the monthly climate statement produced by the Department of Science, Information Technology, Innovation and the Arts and at 

Last updated: 27 March 2018