Monthly Climate Statement for February 2019

Rainfall in Queensland over spring and summer is influenced by the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) – a coupled atmospheric and oceanic phenomenon which is strongly persistent at seasonal timescales. Values of key ENSO indices, including the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) and SSTs in the central equatorial Pacific Ocean, tend to ‘lock-in’ during spring and persist through summer (November to March). National and international agencies agree that ENSO currently remains in a neutral state.

The Department of Environment and Science (DES) calculates rainfall probabilities for the Queensland summer (November to March) based on an experimental system known as SPOTA-1 (Seasonal Pacific Ocean Temperature Analysis - version 1). SPOTA-1 provides an objective comparison of historical summer rainfall with Pacific Ocean SST anomalies from March through to October each year.

The final SPOTA-1 update for 2018 indicated a near-normal probability of exceeding median summer rainfall for most of Queensland (see PDF map), with a higher than normal probability of ‘near-average’ (Decile 3 to 7) summer rainfall, and a lower than normal probability of either a ‘wet’ or ‘dry’ summer (> Decile 7 or < Decile 3 summer rainfall respectively). For the later part of summer (January to March) DES indicated that the probability of exceeding median January to March rainfall was near-normal for most of Queensland, but lower than normal for parts of southern Queensland (January 2019 Monthly Climate Statement). In April, DES will provide an initial indication of rainfall probabilities for the 2019/20 summer.

So far this summer, the northern Australian monsoon season has been quite active. Tropical cyclones ‘Owen’ and ‘Penny’ brought high rainfall to parts of north Queensland in mid-December and early January respectively. Persistent monsoonal activity over the first two weeks of February has resulted in extensive flooding across coastal and inland parts of northern Queensland (see PDF map). Whilst high rainfall has occurred in parts of northern Queensland, much of central and southern Queensland has thus far experienced an extremely dry summer.

For more information please contact Ken Day at:





Last updated: 14 February 2019